eDiscovery Daily Blog
Litigate or Settle? Info You Need to Make Case Decisions: eDiscovery Best Practices
Editor’s Note: Tom O’Connor is a nationally known consultant, speaker, and writer in the field of computerized litigation support systems. He has also been a great addition to our webinar program, participating with me on several recent webinars. Tom has also written several terrific informational overview series for CloudNine, including eDiscovery and the GDPR: Ready or Not, Here it Comes (which we covered as a webcast), Understanding eDiscovery in Criminal Cases (which we also covered as a webcast), ALSP – Not Just Your Daddy’s LPO, Why Is TAR Like a Bag of M&M’s? and eDiscovery for the Rest of Us (which we also covered as a webcast). Now, Tom has written another terrific overview regarding information you need to make case decisions titled Litigate or Settle? Info You Need to Make Case Decisions that we’re happy to share on the eDiscovery Daily blog. Enjoy! – Doug
Tom’s overview is split into four parts, so we’ll cover each part separately. Here’s the first part.
I have heard a great deal of anecdotal discussion lately about fewer and fewer cases going to trial, with an implied criticism that the cost of eDiscovery is somehow at the root of this phenomenon. Indeed, the national decline in trials, both criminal and civil, has been noted in law journal articles, bar association studies and judicial opinions.
I decided to investigate both of these statements and was surprised by what I found. First, the decrease in cases going to trial is nothing new and in fact far pre-dates the eDiscovery changes to the FRCP. Second, there are several clear reasons for this decline, all unrelated to any eDiscovery issues.
We’ll explore these reasons and other issues in this paper, as follows:
- Modern Litigation History
- eDiscovery Considerations
Each year the Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AOC) is required to provide a report of statistical information on the caseload of the federal courts for the 12-month period ending March 31. According to AOC statistics, from 1962 through 1985, federal civil trials doubled, increasing every year. Trials then began declining in 1986 with a dramatic decline commencing in 1990. By 2006 there were only half the number of federal civil trials that there were in 1962 and since 2006, civil trials have continued to decline although at a much slower pace.
This phenomenon was so well known by the late 90’s that it was actually termed the “vanishing trial” by numerous commentators and led to many dire pronouncements about the future of the US legal system. Typical was a 2005 pronouncement by Chief Judge William G. Young of the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts that “[t]he American jury system is dying. It is dying faster in the federal courts than in the state courts. It is dying faster on the civil side than on the criminal, but it is dying nonetheless.” (What the Vanishing Trial Lawyer Means for In-House Counsel, and 5 Things They Can Do, Corporate Counsel, Oct. 14, 2016)
But the AOC report for 2017 also showed that the number of civil case filings was actually up 6%, a trend that has been present during the same period that the number of trials declined. Which clearly begs the question, if case filings continue to rise but trials continue to decline, what is going on in between those two events to cause the decline?
We’ll publish Part 2 – Modern Litigation History – tomorrow.
So, what do you think? Does your firm have a formal process for deciding whether to litigate or settle a case? As always, please share any comments you might have or if you’d like to know more about a particular topic.
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